An RSSI-based Wireless Sensor Network Localization Algorithm with Error Checking and Correction

Bo Guan, Xin Li

Abstract


This paper studies the wireless sensor network localization algorithm based on the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) in detail. Considering the large errors in ranging and localization of nodes made by the algorithm, this paper corrects and compensates the errors of the algorithm to improve the coordinate accuracy of the node. The improved node localization algorithm performs error checking and correction on the anchor node and the node to be measured, respectively so as to make the received signal strength value of the node to be measured closer to the real value. It corrects the weighting factor by using the measured distance between communication nodes to make the coordinate of the node to be measured more accurate. Then, it calculates the mean deviation of localization based on the anchor node close to the node to be measured and compensates the coordinate error. Through the simulation experiment, it is found that the new localization algorithm with error checking and correction proposed in this paper improves the localization accuracy by 5%-6% compared with the weighted centroid algorithm based on RSSI.


Keywords


wireless sensor network; RSSI-based localization algorithm; ranging correction; error checking and correction

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International Journal of Online Engineering (iJOE).ISSN: 1861-2121
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