Design and Analysis of Clustering Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network of Frozen Food

Jianjun Wu, Xiao Feng, Huidang Zhang, Wei Lv

Abstract


In order to address the issues of uneven energy dissipation and uniform cluster coverage in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) of frozen food, we developed a load balancing and uniform coverage clustering (LBUCC) algorithm to find an efficient way to generate clusters. Considering node density and the coverage radius of cluster heads, the nearest neighbor clustering algorithm was adopted to cluster the sensor network. On the basis of the number of neighbors and the residual energy of nodes, the LBUCC algorithm ensures the equal distribution of cluster head responsibility among sensor nodes and performs well in periodic data gathering with selected cluster head. As the storage and distribution of frozen food is frequent, the clustering strategy was proposed for dynamic topology in this paper. The LBUCC algorithm was compared with LEACH-C and DHAC algorithms which are well-known in using centralized control algorithm to select cluster head. The simulation results demonstrate that the LBUCC algorithm has longer network lifetime and uniform coverage than the clustering protocols LEACH-C and DHAC do.

Keywords


Frozen food; Wireless sensor networks; Uniform clustering; even energy dissipation

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International Journal of Online Engineering (iJOE).ISSN: 1861-2121
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