Score Equivalence, Gender Difference, and Testing Mode Preference in a Comparative Study between Computer- Based Testing and Paper-Based Testing

Mohammad Reza Ebrahimi, Seyyed Morteza Hashemi Toroujeni, Vahide Shahbazi


Abstract—Score equivalency of two Computer-Based Testing (henceforth CBT) and Paper-and-Pencil-Based Testing (henceforth PBT) versions has turned into a controversial issue during the last decade in Iran. The comparability of mean scores obtained from two CBT and PBT formats of test should be investigated to see if test takers’ testing performance is influenced by the effects of testing administration mode. This research was conducted to examine score equivalency across modes as well as the relationship of gender, and testing mode preference with test takers’ performance on computerized testing. The information of testing mode preference and attitudes towards CBT and its features was supported by a focus group interview. Findings indicated that the scores of test takers were not different in both modes and there was no statistically significant relationship between moderator above variables and CBT performance.


computer-based testing, paper-based testing, score equivalence, testing mode Preference

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Copyright (c) 2019 Seyyed Morteza Hashemi Toroujeni, Mohammad Reza Ebrahimi

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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