Particle Swarm Optimization Based Beamforming in Massive MIMO Systems

Thaar A. Kareem, Maab Alaa Hussain, Mays Kareem Jabbar


This research puts forth an optimization- based analog beamforming scheme for millimeter-wave (mmWave) massive MIMO systems. Main aim is to optimize the combination of analog precoder / combiner matrices for the purpose of getting near-optimal performance. Codebook-based analog beamforming with transmit precoding and receive combining serves the purpose of compensating the severe attenuation of mmWave signals. The existing and traditional beamforming schemes involve a complex search for the best pair of analog precoder / combiner matrices from predefined codebooks. In this research, we have solved this problem by using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) to find the best combination of precoder / combiner matrices among all possible pairs with the objective of achieving near-optimal performance with regard to maximum achievable rate. Experiments prove the robustness of the proposed approach in comparison to the benchmarks considered. 



Millimeter-wave, Beamforming, Massive MIMO, PSO optimization

Full Text:


International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM) – eISSN: 1865-7923
Creative Commons License
Scopus logo IET Inspec logo DBLP logo EBSCO logo Ulrich's logo MAS logo