Energy Consumption Balanced Topology Variable Routing Algorithm for WWSN in Disaster Rescue Scenarios

Lincong Zhang, Xueyi Chen, Kefeng Wei, Wenbo Zhang, Yongxin Feng

Abstract


In recent years, the Wearable Wireless Sensor Network (WWSN) has become one of the most popular networks used in disaster and emergency scenarios. We propose a routing algorithm named Energy Consumption Balanced Topology Variable (ECB-TV) on the body of users in WWSN. In the ECB-TV algorithm, network topology can be variable according to the change of network state. A multi-hop topology is used in normal situation and the network will switch to single-hop topology at once when an abnormal event happens. We also design a novel multi-hop routing algorithm for multi-hop topology where we select the node with the highest energy balance factor as next hop node. Energy balance factor is innovatively designed by simultaneously taking into account both energy consumption of transmitting and receiving nodes, which can balance the energy consumption of sensor nodes well. The simulation results show that the proposed ECB-TV algorithm has better performance in terms of lifetime in normal situations and delay in abnormal situations.

Keywords


wearable wireless sensor network, topology variable, routing algorithm, energy consumption balance

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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