Diagnostic Techniques and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Test of Helicobacter Pylori Infection in Gashua Town
Keywords:Helicobacter Pylori Isolate, Susceptibility, Antibiotic
Helicobacter pylori eradication continues to be a challenge in a group of patients after the failure of several therapeutic regimen attempts. Treatment regimen is generally chosen on the basis of the prevalence of bacterial resistance detected against the tested antibiotics. 60 sixty (60), adult out patients presented to Gastroenterology clinic of General Hospital Gashua undertook multiple gastric biopsy and specimens were carried for gram stain, culture, antimicrobial sensitivity testing, rapid urease test and histology. Antimicrobial susceptibility test were carryout using Epsilometer testing Kit (E-test) method and tested against Omeprazole, metronidazole Ranitidine, and Amoxicillin. About Sixty percent (30%) of the study population was positive for H. pylori infection (mean age of 34 years ± 15), 60% were males while 40% are women which are mostly married. Helicobacter pylori culture showed a sensitivity of 55% (95% CI (29.5– 62.1), specificity of 97% (95%CI (80.5–100%), positive likelihood ratio of 19.93 (95% CI (1.254– 317.04) and a negative likelihood ratio of 0.76 (95% CI (0.406–0.772). Eighteen (18) strains of Helicobacter pylori isolated 14 are sensitive to Amoxicillin, Ciprofloxacin, metronidazole; amoxicillin three (4) strains were resistant to ciprofloxacin and Amoxicillin and metronidazole when tested. It is imperative to have indebted knowledge on diagnostic method and antibiotic susceptibility patterns in the study area, since the accurate diagnosis of H. pylori is the idealistic view for both gastroenterologists and microbiologists, using synergistically invasive and noninvasive methods will be a future challenge in medical research topics. It is clear that recent advances in invasive and noninvasive methods for accurate diagnosis of the H. pylori can drastically change upcoming guidelines attributed with the management of this infection.
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