Multi-Model Adaptive Predictive Control System for Automated Regulation of Mean Blood Pressure

Humberto Silva, Celina Leão, Eurico Seabra

Abstract


After cardiac surgery operation, severe complications may occur in patients due to hypertension. To decrease the chances of complication it is necessary to reduce elevated mean arterial pressure (MAP) as soon as possible. Continuous infusion of vasodilator drugs, such as sodium nitroprusside (Nipride), it is used to reduce MAP quickly in most patients. For maintaining the desired blood pressure, a constant monitoring of arterial blood pressure is required and a frequently adjust on drug infusion rate. The manual control of arterial blood pressure by clinical professionals it is very demanding and time consuming, usually leading to a poor control quality of the hypertension. The objective of the study is to develop an automated control procedure of mean arterial pressure (MAP), during acute hypotension, for any patient, without changing the controller. So, a multi-model adaptive predictive methodology was developed and, for each model, a Predictive Controller can be a priori designed (MMSPGPC). In this paper, a sensitivity analysis was performed and the simulation results showed the importance of weighting factor (φ), which controls the initial drug infusion rate, to prevent hypotension and thus preserve patient's health. Simulation results, for 51 different patients, showed that the MMSPGPC provides a fast control with mean settling time of 04:46 min, undershoots less than 10 mmHg and steady-state error less than ± 5 %  from the MAP setpoint.

Keywords


Blood Pressure Control; Multi-Model; Predictive Control; Sodium Nitroprusside

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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