Heart Sound Signals Segmentation and Multiclass Classification

Abdelhamid Bourouhou, Abdelilah Jilbab, Chafik Nacir, Ahmed Hammouch

Abstract


The heart is the organ that pumps blood with oxygen and nutrients into all body organs by a rhythmic cycle overlapping between contraction and dilatation. This is done by producing an audible sound which we can hear using a stethoscope. Many are the causes affecting the normal function of this most vital organ. In this respect, the heart sound classification has become one of the diagnostic tools that allow the discrimination between patients and healthy people; this diagnosis is less painful, less costly and less time consuming. In this paper, we present a classification algorithm based on the extraction of 20 features from segmented phonocardiogram “PCG” signals. We applied four types of machine learning classifiers that are k- Near Neighbor “KNN”, Support Vector Machine “SVM”, Tree, and Naïve Bayes “NB” so as to train old features and predict the new entry. To make our results measurable, we have chosen the PASCAL Classifying Heart Sounds challenge, which is a rich database and is conducive to classifying the PCGs into four classes for dataset A and three classes for dataset B. The main finding is about 3.06 total precision of the dataset A and 2.37 of the dataset B.

Keywords


Heart disease; Heart sounds classification PASCAL Challenge; Heart sounds segmentation; PCG signals analysis.

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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