Transfer Learning in Keratoconus Classification


  • Mustapha Aatila LTI laboratory, ENSA, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida 1166, Morocco
  • Mohamed Lachgar LTI laboratory, ENSA, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida 1166, Morocco
  • Hamid Hrimech Analysis and Modeling of Systems and Decision Support Laboratory, ENSA of Berrechid, Hassan 1er University of Settat, Berrechid 218, Morocco
  • Ali Kartit LTI laboratory, ENSA, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida 1166, Morocco



Keratoconus classification, Machine learning, Deep learning, Transfer learning, Corneal topography


Early detection of keratoconus will provide more treatment choices, avoid heavy treatments, and help stop the rapid progression of the disease. Unlike traditional methods of keratoconus classification, this study presents a machine learning-based keratoconus classification approach, using transfer learning, applied on corneal topographic images. Classification is performed considering the three corneal classes already cited : normal, suspicious and keratoconus. Keratoconus classification is carried out using six pretrained convolutional neural networks (CNN) VGG16, InceptionV3, MobileNet, DenseNet201, Xception and EfficientNetB0. Each of these different classifiers is trained individually on five different datasets, generated from an original dataset of 2924 corneal topographic images. Original corneal topographic images have been subjected to a special preprocessing before their use by different models in the learning phase. Images of corneal maps are separated in five different datasets while removing noise and textual annotation from images. Most of models used in the classification allow good discrimination between normal cornea, suspicious and keratoconus one. Obtained results reached classification accuracy of 99.31% and 98.51% by DenseNet201 and VGG16 respectively. Obtained results indicate that transfer learning technique could well improve performance of keratoconus classification systems.




How to Cite

Aatila, M., Lachgar, M., Hrimech, H., & Kartit, A. (2022). Transfer Learning in Keratoconus Classification. International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE), 18(15), pp. 43–58.