Watermarking in Medical Image
Keywords:watermarking, medical image, DICOM, Arnold Cat Map
Medical image security is possible using digital watermarking techniques. Important information is included in a host medical image in order to provide integrity, consistency, and authentication in the healthcare information system. This paper introduces a proposed method for embedding invisible watermarking in the 3D medical image. The cover medical image used is DICOM which consists of a number of slices, each one representing a sense, firstly must separate the ROI (Region of Interest) and NROI (Not Region Of Interest) for each slice, the separation process performed by the particular person who selected by hand the ROI. The embedding process is based on a key generated from Arnold's chaotic map used as the position of a pixel in the slices with the highest saturation for embedding a secret message in the NROI because the ROI contains the information of the ill, so it cannot be modified. The evaluation of the proposed method using PSNR and MSE shows good results according to both requirements of the watermark system, the invisibility and quality of the watermarked medical image where the PSNR value is up to 43.3936 and MSE is up to 0.000041.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Nashwan Alsalam Ali, Iman I. Hamid
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The submitting author warrants that the submission is original and that she/he is the author of the submission together with the named co-authors; to the extend the submission incorporates text passages, figures, data or other material from the work of others, the submitting author has obtained any necessary permission.
Articles in this journal are published under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC-BY What does this mean?). This is to get more legal certainty about what readers can do with published articles, and thus a wider dissemination and archiving, which in turn makes publishing with this journal more valuable for you, the authors.
By submitting an article the author grants to this journal the non-exclusive right to publish it. The author retains the copyright and the publishing rights for his article without any restrictions.