A Network Lifetime-Oriented Energy-Aware Sink Relocation Scheme
Keywords:Energy-aware routing, Network lifetime, Sink node, Wireless sensor network
When sensor nodes are located around a sink node in a wireless sensor network (hereafter referred to as WSN), their energy will be consumed more quickly. Hence it’s necessary to make a proper relocation of the sink node to prevent the surrounding sensor nodes from excessive energy consumption. In view of this, this paper proposes an energy-aware sink relocation (hereafter referred to as EASR) scheme, which is able to realize the adaptive adjustment on the transmission range according to the energy status of the sensor nodes in addition to the establishment of conditions for sink relocation. If the relocation condition is met, sink node will move toward the optimal direction based on the energy status of the surrounding sensor nodes. The simulation result shows that the EASR scheme proposed in this paper is able to prolong effectively the network lifetime.
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