Analysis and Comparison of Routing Protocol of Wireless Sensor Network

Lei An, Aihua Li, Ling Pang, Guangdong He

Abstract


There are many differences between the routing protocol design of a wireless sensor network and wireless ad-hoc network. Highly restricted resource and frequent node failure are two major challenges. Relevant technical research into wireless sensor network has become an issue of intense interest. In recent years, achievements in research on routing protocol of wireless sensor network have been summarized, analyzed and compared. Features of wireless sensor networks have been introduced and key factors of its routing protocol design have been introduced. According to the realization features of protocol, routing protocol of wireless sensor network has been divided into five categories, and each category of important protocols has been elaborated and analyzed. Finally, the features of these protocols are summarized and compared and the development trend of such research has been forecasted.

Keywords


wireless sensor network; sensor node; sink node; routing protocol

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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