EHPSO: An Enhanced Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Internet of Things
Internet of Things (IOT) has found broad applications and has drawn more and more attention from researchers. At the same time, IOT also presents many challenges, one of which is node localization, i.e. how to determine the geographical position of each sensor node. Algorithms have been proposed to solve the problem. A popular algorithm is Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) because it is simple to implement and needs relatively less computation. However, PSO is easily trapped into local optima and gives premature results. In order to improve the PSO algorithm, this paper proposes the EHPSO algorithm based on Novel Particle Swarm Optimization (NPSO) and Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization (HPSO). The EHPSO algorithm applies the principle of best neighbor of each particle to the HPSO algorithm. Simulation results indicate that EHPSO outperforms HPSO and NPSO in evaluating accurate node positions and improves convergence by avoiding being trapped into local optima.
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