A Credible Food Traceability System Based on Domain Name System Security Extensions
Keywords:EPCIS, data integrity check, DNSSEC, IoT, traceability system
Food safety has drawn worldwide attention because of its enormous impact on human health and social stability. Although traceability systems based on Internet of Things (IoT) can improve the visibility of the food supply chain, the trust service is necessary to ensure the data origin and data integrity. This paper proposes a food traceability system supported by a trust service based on Domain Name System Security Extensions(DNSSEC). A DNSSEC-enabled traceability system is implemented for food safety in China. In the traceability system, the master data and event data of the products is stored in distributed databases owned and managed by the enterprises respectively in the supply chain. Enterprise oriented Internet of Things Information Service (iotIS) is an important component of the distributed traceability system. A trust service for the Internet of Things, iotTS, is proposed to guarantee the data integrity. With this service, it can be ensured that the information stored in the enterprise database is original and has never been manipulated. Lightweight public keys are distributed based on the DNSSEC in this solution. Compared with the existing solutions, the proposed solution has better scalability and credibility.
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