A Wearable Haptic System for the Health Monitoring of Elderly People in Smart Cities
Keywords:sensor fusion, wearable, health monitoring, elderly
A sensor-fusion wearable health-monitoring system with integrated haptic feedback was previously introduced by our research group. The system's components are the following: a chest-worn device with an embedded controller board, an electrocardiogram (ECG) sensor, a temperature sensor, an accelerometer, a vibration motor, a colour-changing light-emitting diode (LED) and a push-button. This multi-sensor device makes possible to collect biometric and medical monitoring data from its wearer. The data provide a real-time indication of the wearer's health state and can also be further analysed later for medical diagnosis. The embedded vibration motor can actuate distinctive haptic feedback patterns according to the wearer's health state. The embedded colour-changing LED provides the wearer with an additional intuitive visual feedback of the current health state, and the wearer can report a potential emergency condition by using the push-button. In this paper, a conceptual case study is presented concerning possible applications for the health monitoring of elderly people in smart cities. The proposed system aims at reducing risk by assessing individual and overall potentially-harmful situations. A data collection and analysis are also presented to demonstrate that the system can provide compelling vibrotactile feedback.
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