Improvement of Hierarchical Routing Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Network

Yinghui Yang, Qunting Yang, Tiegang Gao


To prolong the life cycle of the network and increase the effective data transmission quantity of the network, several classic network layer routing algorithms are analyzed and they are implemented with programming language, which verifies their real advantages and disadvantages. In the model of ring networking, the optimal number of cluster heads in the annular region is deduced with the goal of minimizing the average energy consumption of cluster heads in each ring,and the formation mechanism of cluster heads is proposed for the purpose of preferentially using nodes with more residual energy as cluster heads.To further optimize energy consumption performance, a dynamic self-organizing multi-hop routing selection mode is proposed.Finally, the network simulation software is applied to construct the model based on ring network, and the optimization algorithm is adopted to obtain the flow chart of actual programming and some programming methods.The results show that the proposed algorithm achieves the ultimate optimization goal, which increases the number of effective monitoring data packets.


wireless sensor network; hierarchical routing algorithm; cluster head

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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