Chatter Investigation on Machining of Gray Cast Iron Considering the Damping Effect

Everton Ruggeri Silva Araujo, Giovanni de Souza Pinheiro, João Álvaro Belo Pantoja Junior, Salomão Levy Neto

Abstract


In recent years, the study of chatter vibrations has been intensifying in the machining of materials. In this paper an investigation of this phenomena was conducted for gray cast iron (CGI). The chatter vibrations in machining process can considerably compromise the workpiece surface finish, tool wear and in some cases provide severe damage to the machine-tool. Thus there is an imminent need to expand the theory of chatter vibrations for the class of brittle materials. To analyze the vibrations of the process of machining and zones where the process is stable, and where it is unstable, the stability lobes diagram was used. This diagram is constructed at low speed cutting, where the phenomenon of damping arises. The damping is a crucial factor in the process, it increases system stability. This effect was considered in the formulation of chatter vibrations using the indentation model of Wu. For experimental validations the signals of cutting force were acquired and analysis was conducted in frequency domain to identify where the vibrations emerged allied with a roughness analysis of the workpiece. The results demonstrated perfectly the consequences of chatter vibrations in surface finish of grey cast iron and proved that the stability lobes diagram provides good results to detect these vibrations, determining the areas where the material removal should be avoid.

Keywords


machining;chatter vibration;stability lobe diagram

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International Journal of Recent Contributions from Engineering, Science & IT (iJES) – eISSN: 2197-8581
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