Improved Energy Management Performance for Hierarchical Routing in WSNs
The rapidly evolving of technology in the area of communication and information, allowed the creation of a new device called wireless sensor. This small device allows measuring physical phenomenon quantity in environment such as light, pressure, temperature and transforming it autonomously into a digital value, In order to send to one or several points of collections, which is going to be processed. However, a wireless sensor network (WSN) is a network formed by a large number of sensor nodes, which are able to acquire, aggregate compress and to transmit data towards a base station. However, several constraints complicate the deployment and management of wireless sensor networks. The economy of energy is among the major issues of these networks, and it is difficult even impossible to replace the sensors or their battery because of the location of deployment that is often inaccessible. Among Scientifics researches, we find the improvement the energy management in WSNs. In this paper, we propose a new routing protocol based on clustering. The purpose is to have an equal distribution of the energy throughout the network
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