Factors Affecting Indonesian Pre-Service Teachers’ Use of m-LMS: A Mix Method Study


  • Aman Aman Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Lantip Diat Prasojo Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
  • Muhammad Sofwan Universitas Jambi
  • Amirul Mukminin Universitas Jambi
  • Akhmad Habibi Universitas Jambi https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7687-2858
  • Lalu Nurul Yaqin Universitas Gunung Rinjani




The purpose of this research is to investigate factors affecting Indonesian pre-service teachers’ (PSTs) teachers’ use of m-learning management systems (m-LMS) in higher education. The difference regarding the use of m-LMS based on some demographic information namely gender, university, year in university, and age are also reported as well as gaining an in-depth understanding of the use of m-LMS in Indonesian universities. To achieve this, two approaches, quantitative and qualitative, were applied. First, we developed and distributed a survey instrument to 210 students teachers based on the technology acceptance model (TAM). In addition, we interviewed 7 of the PSTs to obtain an in-depth understanding of the use of m-learning in their learning. Some statistical calculations were presented such as mean, standard deviation, Cronbach’s alpha, t-test, and ANOVA. Findings suggest that PSTs’ use m-LMS are related to their Perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use, Subjective norm and attitudes Self-efficacy and supporting condition. From these results, we recommend that teacher educators should target these factors within teacher development programs to prepare PSTs for successful use of m-LMS.

Author Biography

Akhmad Habibi, Universitas Jambi

Akhmad Habibi is an educational researcher working at Universitas Jambi, Indonesia. Focusing on statistics and education, he has published his work in many journals (e.g. Education and Information Technologies, Heliyon, Data in Brief, SageOpen, The Qualitative Report, Electronic Journal of e-Learning, Journal of Baltic of Educational Science, etc.). He is a reviewer for some reputable journals like Heliyon, IEEE Access, SageOpen, Accountability in Research, International Journal of Instruction, etc.




How to Cite

Aman, A., Prasojo, L. D., Sofwan, M., Mukminin, A., Habibi, A., & Yaqin, L. N. (2020). Factors Affecting Indonesian Pre-Service Teachers’ Use of m-LMS: A Mix Method Study. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 14(06), pp. 137–147. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v14i06.12035