Particle Swarm Optimization Based Beamforming in Massive MIMO Systems
Keywords:Millimeter-wave, Beamforming, Massive MIMO, PSO optimization
This research puts forth an optimization- based analog beamforming scheme for millimeter-wave (mmWave) massive MIMO systems. Main aim is to optimize the combination of analog precoder / combiner matrices for the purpose of getting near-optimal performance. Codebook-based analog beamforming with transmit precoding and receive combining serves the purpose of compensating the severe attenuation of mmWave signals. The existing and traditional beamforming schemes involve a complex search for the best pair of analog precoder / combiner matrices from predefined codebooks. In this research, we have solved this problem by using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) to find the best combination of precoder / combiner matrices among all possible pairs with the objective of achieving near-optimal performance with regard to maximum achievable rate. Experiments prove the robustness of the proposed approach in comparison to the benchmarks considered.
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