The Effectiveness of Dynamic Geometry Software Applications in Learning Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis Study
Keywords:Dynamic Geometry Software, Meta-analysis, Mathematical ability, Study Char-acteristics
The purpose of this study was to (1) assess the impact of using Dynamic Geometry Software (DGS) on students’ mathematical abilities, (2) determine the differences in effectiveness based on study characteristics in order to help educators decide under what conditions the use of DGS would be suitable in improving students' mathematical abilities. This meta-analysis study investigates 57 effect sizes from 50 articles that have been published in journals, international and domestic proceedings from 2010 to 2020 using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA) tool as a calculation tool. Meanwhile, the Hedges coefficient is applied to the calculation of the effect size at the 95% confidence level. Based on a random effect model with a standard error of 0.09, the analysis results have found an overall effect size of 1.07. This means that learning using DGS has a high positive effect on students' mathematical abilities. The effect size of 1.07 explains the average student who uses DGS exceeds 84% math ability of those in conventional classes that are initially equivalent. Analysis of the study characteristics found significant differences in terms of sample size, student to computer ratio, and education level. This research showed the DGS used was more effective under certain conditions. First, it is very effective in sample conditions less than or equal to 30. Second, it provides classrooms with a sufficient number of computers, allowing students to use them individually, which is required to achieve higher effectiveness levels. Third, DGS is effective in high schools and colleges than in junior high schools. These facts can help educators in deciding on the appropriate sample sizes, student to computer ratios, and future levels of education in using DGS.
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