A Reinforcement Learning Approach for Interference Management in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks


  • Akindele Segun Afolabi Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5596-0346
  • Shehu Ahmed The Nigerian Television Authority, Fate Road, Ilorin, Nigeria.
  • Olubunmi Adewale Akinola Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6532-1698




Heterogeneous Network, Q-Learning, Macrocell, Picocell, Interference


Due to the increased demand for scarce wireless bandwidth, it has become insufficient to serve the network user equipment using macrocell base stations only. Network densification through the addition of low power nodes (picocell) to conventional high power nodes addresses the bandwidth dearth issue, but unfortunately introduces unwanted interference into the network which causes a reduction in throughput. This paper developed a reinforcement learning model that assisted in coordinating interference in a heterogeneous network comprising macro-cell and pico-cell base stations. The learning mechanism was derived based on Q-learning, which consisted of agent, state, action, and reward. The base station was modeled as the agent, while the state represented the condition of the user equipment in terms of Signal to Interference Plus Noise Ratio. The action was represented by the transmission power level and the reward was given in terms of throughput. Simulation results showed that the proposed Q-learning scheme improved the performances of average user equipment throughput in the network. In particular, multi-agent systems with a normal learning rate increased the throughput of associated user equipment by a whooping 212.5% compared to a macrocell-only scheme.




How to Cite

Afolabi, A. S., Ahmed, S., & Akinola, O. A. (2021). A Reinforcement Learning Approach for Interference Management in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 15(12), pp. 65–85. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v15i12.20751