Development of a Teaching Model in Virtual Learning Environment to Enhance Computational Competencies in the 21st Century


  • Noppadol Rungrangtanapol Chulalongkorn University
  • Jintavee Khlaisang Chulalongkorn University



computational science, computational competencies, virtual learning environment, 21st century


In the 21st century, computing and other necessary skills have become imperative for today's learners. Memorizing a book or one-way communication is incapable of fully developing all the skills required. Along with changes in the new curriculum structure in the computational science courses which are aimed to improve computational thinking skills. In Thailand, students do not have enough experience in calculation methods. Teachers must therefore provide instruction in a format that promotes computational thinking and the skills necessary for the 21st century. The sample was 400 students from public and private schools in the same amount to develop the model, which was calculated based on the population of high school students throughout Bangkok, Thailand. It was found that the current learning model was unable to develop computational thinking concepts and 21st century skills. Therefore, the researchers have the concept of developing a teaching model that focuses on problem-solving along with the use of a design thinking approach in a virtual learning environment. To enable students with no experience with computational thinking skills to develop computational thinking skills to a competent standard. The objective is to also develop other skills, which are essential skills in the 21st century at the same time.

Author Biographies

Noppadol Rungrangtanapol, Chulalongkorn University

Teacher at Bangkok Christian College
Department of career and technology
Currently studying in a master's degree in Department of Educational Technology and Communications, Faculty of Education at Chulalongkorn University

Jintavee Khlaisang, Chulalongkorn University

Professor Dr. of Education at Department of Educational Technology and Communications, Educational Invention and innovation Research Unit, Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University Phayathai Rd., Wang Mai, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330 Thailand




How to Cite

Rungrangtanapol, N., & Khlaisang, J. (2021). Development of a Teaching Model in Virtual Learning Environment to Enhance Computational Competencies in the 21st Century. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 15(13), pp. 93–107.