The Design of Augmented Reality Using Unity 3D Image Marker Detection for Smart Bus Transportation




Augmented Reality, Unity 3D, Image Marker, Smart Bus Transportation, Mobile application.


Public bus transportation has become an integral part of society, but the disrup-tion of bus services is one of the major concerns. This project presents the devel-opment of Smart Bus Transportation using Augmented Reality (TRANSPAR) that was developed on a mobile application. One of the major issues with public transportation is on real-time responsiveness. Most bus schedules are presented online but customers still faced many failures. Some bus schedules are not updat-ed when changes happened through time. Some existing bus schedules system is fixed to the bus stations. This research is to identify the bus schedules and its routes characteristics. A 3D AR animation based on identified characteristics was designed using the Unity 3D image marker detection on a mobile Android plat-form. A smartphone application was developed using Vuforia and Google Fire-base. TRANSPAR shows an AR mobile application for acquiring the bus time-tables. The phone camera is applied for marker image detection and scanning the bus station’s images. AR and normal image scanner were designed. Google Fire-base Database is used to retrieve and store each timetable data for every bus sta-tion. Analysis of interactivity and benefits of TRANSPAR shows about 90% agreed on the use of AR and more than 76% agreed on its functionality based on 50 taken samples. This shows a positive impact on the designed TRANSPAR. The research is significant to encourage and experience the public with new tech-nological application for public transportation and it impact the society.

Author Biographies

Murizah Kassim, Universiti Teknologi MARA

Murizah Kassim is currently working as Associate Professor at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor. She received her Ph.D. in Electronic, Electrical, and System Engineering in 2016 from the Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). She has published many indexed papers related to a computer network, IoT, Web, and Mobile development applications research. She experienced for 19 years in the technical team at the Centre for Integrated Information System, UiTM. She is also head of Enabling Internet of Things Technologies (ElIoTT) research group UiTM. She joined the academic since January 2009 and currently a member of MBOT, IEEE, IET, IAENG, and IACSIT organization.

Ahmad Syafiq Aiman A Bakar, Universiti Teknologi MARA

Ahmad Syafiq Aiman Bin A Bakar obtained his first degree from Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor Malaysia in Electronics Engineering program in 2020. Previously, he obtained his first diploma from Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Cawangan Terengganu, in Electrical and Electronic Engineering. He is most experienced on the Internet of Things and Computer Engineering research project development in his study.




How to Cite

Kassim, M., & A Bakar, A. S. A. (2021). The Design of Augmented Reality Using Unity 3D Image Marker Detection for Smart Bus Transportation. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 15(17), pp. 33–48.