Tropical Terrestrial Free Space Optical Link Performance Analysis


  • Mohamed Hadi Habaebi International Islamic University Malaysia
  • N.F.A Jamal International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Md. Rafiqul Islam International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Ahmed Basahel First Fuel Company, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia



FSO; FSO Link budget; Haze attenuation; visibility


Free Space Optical (FSO) has a very good potential alternative solution to Radio Frequency (RF) to provide high terrestrial wireless communication. In tropical region, the only drawback of FSO is atmospheric attenuation due to mainly haze and rain. This study investigates the performance of FSO system over link distances that ranges between 9 km to 12 km as the average visibility in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia is 10 km. Two models used to predict the atmospheric attenuation, namely Kruse model and modified Kruse model. These models are valid to predict the haze attenuation for visibilities that range between 9 to 12 km. The modified/corrected Kruse model shows some limitations in the prediction of haze attenuation over longer wavelength. However, the study indicates that attenuation due to haze is low, while air quality in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia is acceptable. As the size of haze particles varies from 0.01 to 1 µm, the longer wavelength is preferable as 1550 nm to enhance FSO performance compared to 850 nm and 600 nm wavelengths. Thus, the longer wavelength is the optimal choice to enhance the FSO performance as it caused low scattering.




How to Cite

Mohamed Hadi Habaebi, N.F.A Jamal, Md. Rafiqul Islam, & Ahmed Basahel. (2022). Tropical Terrestrial Free Space Optical Link Performance Analysis. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 16(12), pp. 94–102.