Evaluation of Mobile Augmented Reality Hearing-Impaired Museum Visitors Engagement Instrument


  • Esraa Jaffar Baker Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Juliana Aida Abu Bakar Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Abdul Nasir Zulkifli Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia




Mobile Augmented Reality, Hearing-Impaired, Museum Visitors, Engagement


Mobile Augmented Reality has come a long way since its inception as a multimedia system during the last few decades. From the concept of an Augmented Reality experience to actual smartphone applications, it has come a long way. Researchers have chosen to leverage the concept of engagement in the construction of Mobile Augmented Reality applications in order to boost museum visitors' engagement and provide a more effective learning environment. The majority of Mobile Augmented Reality applications, on the other hand, were designed with normal hearing visitors in mind, while hearing-impaired visitors are given less attention. Those with hearing difficulties have an unfavourable experience as a result of this, and are unsatisfied with their visit. The elements of Mobile Augmented Reality aimed at engaging hearing-impaired museum visitors are determined in this study. The next step was to construct a conceptual model, which was then validated through an expert review.  In investigating any flaws of the instrument among hearing-impaired museum visitors, a pilot study was conducted to improve the items and determine their level of reliability. Participants in the study were hearing-impaired who visited one of Iraq's ancient museums. This study will focus on evaluating the prototype to see how effective it is at engaging hearing-impaired museum visitors in the near future.




How to Cite

Esraa Jaffar Baker, Juliana Aida Abu Bakar, & Abdul Nasir Zulkifli. (2022). Evaluation of Mobile Augmented Reality Hearing-Impaired Museum Visitors Engagement Instrument. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 16(12), pp. 114–126. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v16i12.30513