Theory-based Support for Mobile Language Learning: Noticing and Recording


  • Agnes Kukulska-Hulme The Open University, UK
  • Susan Bull University of Birmingham



Second language acquisition, mobile assisted language learning, language learning diaries, noticing, open learner modelling


This paper considers the issue of 'noticing' in second language acquisition, and argues for the potential of handheld devices to: (i) support language learners in noticing and recording noticed features 'on the spot', to help them develop their second language system; (ii) help language teachers better understand the specific difficulties of individuals or those from a particular language background; and (iii) facilitate data collection by applied linguistics researchers, which can be fed back into educational applications for language learning. We consider: theoretical perspectives drawn from the second language acquisition literature, relating these to the practice of writing language learning diaries; and the potential for learner modelling to facilitate recording and prompting noticing in mobile assisted language learning contexts. We then offer guidelines for developers of mobile language learning solutions to support the development of language awareness in learners.

Author Biographies

Agnes Kukulska-Hulme, The Open University, UK

Professor of Learning Technology and Communication, Institute of Educational Technology

Susan Bull, University of Birmingham

Senior Lecturer, Department of Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering




How to Cite

Kukulska-Hulme, A., & Bull, S. (2009). Theory-based Support for Mobile Language Learning: Noticing and Recording. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 3(2), pp. 12–18.



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