Study to Investigate Learning Motivation Factors within Formal and Informal Learning Environments and their influence upon Web-Based Learning

Sadia Riaz, Dayang Rohaya Rambli, Rohani Salleh, Arif Mushtaq


Learning is a cognitive process that occurs either
in a formal or informal learning environment, by way of
adopting either formal or informal learning process. While
the significance of former has been widely accepted, later is
still researched and lacks relevant studies on its implications
for web-based learning, especially by way of instigating
learning motivation. This paper presents descriptive analysis
of learning motivation factors within (i) formal and informal
learning environments, and (ii) formal and informal
learning processes, and then examines their influence on
web-based learning by computing Pearson correlations. To
achieve study objectives, the paper discusses relevant literature
and then conceptualizes a research model to be tested
through a survey based questionnaire. Formal learning
process is discussed with reference to learning activities as
promoted by formal learning institutes, while informal
learning process is examined by way of investigating learning
motivation factors associated with (i) video-games, (ii)
social networking websites and (iii) motion-pictures. Results
illustrate interesting revelation of learning motivational
factors, particularly motivational factors associated with
informal learning environment and processes have been
found to have a statistically significant relationship with
web-based learning. The paper concludes implications of the
statistical findings for designing of cognitively engaging
web-based learning environments.


Formal Learning Process; Informal Learning Process; Web-Based Learning; Learning Motivation

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Copyright (c) 2017 Sadia Riaz, Dayang Rohaya Rambli, Rohani Salleh, Arif Mushtaq

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning. ISSN: 1863-0383
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