An Artificial Neural Network Based Early Prediction of Failure-Prone Students in Blended Learning Course

Otgontsetseg Sukhbaatar, Tsuyoshi Usagawa, Lodoiravsal Choimaa

Abstract


One of the objectives of the performance measurement of grade-based higher education is to reduce the failure rate of students. To identify and reduce the number of failing students, the learning activities and behaviors of students in the classroom must be continuously monitored; however, monitoring a large number of students is an extremely difficult task. A penetration of web-based learning systems in academic institutions revealed the possibility of evaluating student activities via these systems. In this paper, we propose an early prediction scheme to identify students at risk of failing in a blended learning course. We employ a neural network on the set of prediction variables extracted from the online learning activities of students in a learning management system. The experiments were based on data from 1110 student who attended a compulsory, sophomore-level course. The results indicate that a neural-network-based approach can achieve early identification of students that are likely to fail; 25% of the failing students were correctly identified after the first quiz submission. After the mid-term examination, 65% of the failing students were correctly predicted.

Keywords


blended learning course; educational data mining; failure prediction; higher education; neural network

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Copyright (c) 2019 Otgontsetseg Sukhbaatar, Lodoiravsal Choimaa, Tsuyoshi Usagawa


International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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