Comparison of E-Learning, M-Learning and Game-based Learning in Programming Education – A Gendered Analysis

Sohail Iqbal Malik, Mostafa Al-Emran, Roy Mathew, Ragad M Tawafak, Ghaliya Alfarsi


Learning to code is considered as a difficult and challenging task for a significant number of novice programmers in programming education. Novice programmers have to acquire different skills such as problem solving, program design, comprehension, and debugging at the same time. On the other hand, most introductory programming courses focus more on syntax of the programming language. In this study, we developed and introduced a ‘PROBSOL’ application in three different learning systems (E-learning, M-learning and Game-based learning) to enhance the problem solving skills of novice programmers in an introductory programming (IP) course. A survey was conducted with the IP students to determine their perception about all the three applications in the IP course. Gender differences were determined by comparing both female and male students’ responses for each question in the survey. The results of comparison show that male students were more satisfied with all the three applications compared to female students. Both female and male students perceived that all the three applications are user-friendly, enabled them to accomplish tasks more quickly, and enhanced their learning productivity. Overall, both male and female students appreciated all the three applications in the teaching and learning process of the IP course. This study implies that instructors can also use all the three applications as an additional teaching tool in the teaching and learning process of programming education.


Learning to code; problem solving skills; programming education; E-learning; M-learning; Game-based learning

Full Text:


Copyright (c) 2020 Sohail Iqbal Malik, Mostafa Al-Emran, Roy Mathew, Ragad M Tawafak, Ghaliya Alfarsi

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
Creative Commons License
Scopus logo Clarivate Analyatics ESCI logo EI Compendex logo IET Inspec logo DOAJ logo DBLP logo Learntechlib logo EBSCO logo Ulrich's logo Google Scholar logo MAS logo