A Review of Content-Based and Context-Based Recommendation Systems

Umair Javed, Kamran Shaukat, Ibrahim A. Hameed, Farhat Iqbal, Talha Mahboob Alam, Suhuai Luo


In our work, we have presented two widely used recommendation systems. We have presented a context-aware recommender system to filter the items associated with user’s interests coupled with a context-based recommender system to prescribe those items. In this study, context-aware recommender systems perceive the user’s location, time, and company. The context-based recommender system retrieves patterns from World Wide Web-based on the user’s past interactions and provides future news recommendations. We have presented different techniques to support media recommendations for smartphones, to create a framework for context-aware, to filter E-learning content, and to deliver convenient news to the user. To achieve this goal, we have used content-based, collaborative filtering, a hybrid recommender system, and implemented a Web ontology language (OWL). We have also used the Resource Description Framework (RDF), JAVA, machine learning, semantic mapping rules, and natural ontology languages that suggest user items related to the search. In our work, we have used E-paper to provide users with the required news. After applying the semantic reasoning approach, we have concluded that by some means, this approach works similarly as a content-based recommender system since by taking the gain of a semantic approach, we can also recommend items according to the user’s interests. In a content-based recommender system, the system provides additional options or results that rely on the user’s ratings, appraisals, and interests.


Context-aware; Content-based; Recommender systems; Contextual information; Ontology; Knowledge-based Recommendation; Hybrid Recommendation system

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Copyright (c) 2021 Umair Javed, Kamran Shaukat, Ibrahim A. Hameed, Farhat Iqbal, Talha Mahboob Alam, Suhuai Luo

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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