Offline Support Model for Low Bandwidth Users to Survive in MOOCs


  • Laxmisha Rai Shandong University of Science and Technology



MOOC, offline, online, learning, support model, electronic usage


To access MOOCs’(Massive Open Online Courses) contents, and complete them successfully, resources such as computers or smart phones, Internet access with high-bandwidth are highly essential. Moreover, other facili-ties such as power requirement for electronic devices and software tools to view the MOOC contents within the course duration are necessary to complete the assessments. This shows that, the students must remain with online access more than expected. This not only a major requirement for completion of MOOCs, but also hinder the progress of learning in low bandwidth regions, and also for learners with listening or visual disabilities. Considering all these, in this paper addresses three learner challenges related to MOOCs: (1) what are the methods of reducing usage of electronic devices during online learning?, (2) what are the possible measures for effective learning with limited online presence?, and (3) how to survive successful completion in low-bandwidth contexts. An offline support model is proposed to reduce the online presence during online learning and to manage the low-bandwidth challenges.

Author Biography

Laxmisha Rai, Shandong University of Science and Technology

Laxmisha Rai, received Bachelor of Engineering from Mangalore University with Distinction in 1998, Master of Technology degree from Manipal University with Distinction, India and Ph.D from Kyungpook National University, South Korea in 2008. He also worked as a Post-Doctoral Researcher at Soongsil University, South Korea. Currently, he is a Professor in the College of Electronics, Communication and Physics, Shandong University of Science and Technology, China. His research interests include software engineering, real-time systems, embedded systems, autonomous mobile robots, expert systems, wireless sensor networks, MOOC, and Bilingual Education. He has published over 50 research papers and currently serving as Associate Editor of IEEE Access Journal. He is a Senior Member of IEEE and Member of ACM.




How to Cite

Rai, L. (2018). Offline Support Model for Low Bandwidth Users to Survive in MOOCs. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 13(10), pp. 270–277.



Short Papers