An Eight-Layer Model for Mathematical Cognition

Marios A. Pappas, Athanasios S. Drigas, Fotini Polychroni


In recent years, more and more researchers have been investigating mathematical knowledge, as well as the cognitive skills that seem to be related to the improvement of mathematical thinking, numerical skills, mathematical logic and problem solving techniques. In this paper, we present the cognitive processes that are related to mathematical performance, such as working memory, anxiety, attention, spatial cognition, executive function and phonological awareness. In addition, we refer to metacognitive skills and their role in controlling and regulating cognitive processes, in order to improve mathematical performance. Finally, we present a new taxonomy of mathematical skills, the pyramid of mathematical cognition, as well as their gradual development through the appropriate cognitive and metacognitive mechanisms.


Cognition; Knowledge Management; Mathematical Knowledge; Taxonomy; Metacognition; Behaviour Modelling

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Copyright (c) 2018 Marios A. Pappas, Athanasios S. Drigas, Fotini Polychroni

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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