Prediction of Student Dropout in E-Learning Program Through the Use of Machine Learning Method

Mingjie Tan, Peiji Shao

Abstract


The high rate of dropout is a serious problem in E-learning program. Thus it has received extensive concern from the education administrators and researchers. Predicting the potential dropout students is a workable solution to prevent dropout. Based on the analysis of related literature, this study selected student’s personal characteristic and academic performance as input attributions. Prediction models were developed using Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Decision Tree (DT) and Bayesian Networks (BNs). A large sample of 62375 students was utilized in the procedures of model training and testing. The results of each model were presented in confusion matrix, and analyzed by calculating the rates of accuracy, precision, recall, and F-measure. The results suggested all of the three machine learning methods were effective in student dropout prediction, and DT presented a better performance. Finally, some suggestions were made for considerable future research.

Keywords


Student Dropout; E-Learning;Prediction; Machine Learning

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International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning. ISSN: 1863-0383
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