Reference Model of E-learning and Quality to Establish Interoperability in Higher Education Systems

Arshi Naim, Fahad Alahmari


this is the extended research work where we tried to add more sections in Quality instruments to their role in achieving interoperability in e-learning and quality. In this paper we included more reference models such as experiences of Quality instruments affected by demographic criteria. In Higher education systems E-Learning faces two major challenges, first to ensure the interoperability of E-Learning (IEL) and secondly, developing quality learning through e-Learning. This research studies the concept, scope and dimensions of interoperability of E-Learning in education with special reference to King Khalid University then the connection and interdependence between with quality development. To impart learning and teaching through E-learning, KKU has adopted Learning Management Services (LMS) through Blackboard. The university has three types of learning and teaching methods; full online, Blended and Supportive. In this paper we have described the dimensions of quality and the standards of E- Learning for the objectives of IEL and quality development (QD) in KKU. The research is based principally on secondary data observed from KKU E-Learning deanship. Also sample of 20 E-Learning experts at KKU were given closed ended as well as semi closed questionnaires for evaluating the assurance of IEL and QD. These experts are mainly certified online facilitators and admin staff. Results provide the verification of application and presence of IEL and assured the QD process in KKU in imparting knowledge.


Interoperability; LMS; Blackboard; Quality Development; E-Learning

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Copyright (c) 2020 Arshi naim, Fahad Alahmari, Fahad Alahmari

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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