A Rule Induction Framework on the Effect of ‘Negative’ Attributes to Academic Performance


  • Ivan Henderson Vy Gue De La Salle University https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3758-0283
  • Alexis Mervin Sy FEU-Institute of Technology
  • Ailene Nuñez FEU-Institute of Technology
  • Pocholo James Loresco FEU-Institute of Technology https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7178-957X
  • Jaychris Georgette Onia FEU-Institute of Technology
  • Manuel Belino FEU-Institute of Technology




machine learning, academic advising, mechanical engineering


Attaining high retention rates among engineering institutions is a predominant is-sue. A significant portion of engineering students face challenges of retention. Academic advising was implemented to resolve the issue. Decision support sys-tems were developed to support the endeavor. Machine learning have been inte-grated among such systems in predicting student performance accurately. Most works, however, rely on a black box model approach. Rule induction generates simpler if-then rules, exhibiting clearer understanding. As most research works considered attributes for positive academic performance, there is the need to con-sider ‘negative’ attributes. ‘Negative’ attributes are critical indicators to possibility of failure. This work applied rule induction techniques for course grade predic-tion using ‘negative’ attributes. The dataset is the academic performance of 48 mechanical engineering students taking a machine design course. Students’ at-tributes on workload, course repetition, and incurred absences are the predictors. This work implemented two rule induction techniques, rough set theory (RST) and adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (FIS). Both models attained a classifi-cation accuracy of 70.83% with better performance for course grades of ‘Pass’ and ‘High’. RST generated 16 crisp rules while ANFIS generated 27 fuzzy rules, yielding significant insights. Results of this study can be used for comparative analysis of student traits between institutions. The illustrated framework can be used in formulating linguistic rules of other institutions.




How to Cite

Gue, I. H. V., Sy, A. M., Nuñez, A., Loresco, P. J., Onia, J. G., & Belino, M. (2021). A Rule Induction Framework on the Effect of ‘Negative’ Attributes to Academic Performance. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 16(15), pp. 31–45. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v16i15.24269