BASAER Team: The First Arabic Robot Team for Building the Capacities of Visually Impaired Students to Build and Program Robots


  • Mahmoud Hamash Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Hasnah Mohamed Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Robotics, Inclusive education, visually impaired, Blind


the purpose of this study was to examine whether visually impaired students can build educational robots and program them if they receive adapted materials and instructions with guided instruction from well-trained educators in the fields of inclusive STEM Classrooms. Discussion of the technologies and our experimental approach is presented in this paper and validated through the continued successful effort with visually impaired students for two years of the program and specialists in the field of visual impairment and STEAM, we also validated our approach by performing experimental classes for students with different visual impairments and ages. The results indicated that the approach used by BASAER team was successful in enabling the blind and visually impaired students to build and program educational robotics and to participate effectively in national and international STEAM programs and competitions, with some limitations and Challenges encountered and explored during this research. The results from this study will be used to suggest a fully adapted system to support full inclusion for blind and visually impaired students in educational robots in STEAM context and to promote the adoption of this study and similar studies toward Inclusive STEM Classrooms.

Author Biographies

Mahmoud Hamash, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Hamash is a Jordanian Master student in Educational Technology at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia . He works as a Digital learning implementation specialist (DLIS) at Alef education ,UAE. Formerly, he had served as a school teacher and a trainer for the last 16 years and was awarded 1st place winner of the Distinguished Teacher Award-The Queen Rania Award for Excellence, Jordan. he has published and co-authored four books mainly in the education area.

Hasnah Mohamed, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Hasnah Mohamed received a M. Ed. (Education Technology) degree in 2002 and Ph.D degree in Educational Technology in 2012 from UTM, Malaysia.She is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Education, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) since 2013. Formerly, she had served as a secondary school teacher for 16 years. She has published and co-authored numerous technical papers mainly in the education area, has been the editors for several journals, book chapters and conference proceedings, besides serving as reviewers and technical committee members of journals in the related fields. Her research interests include computer-assisted learning, computer-assisted instruction, flipped classroom, gamification and other education related research.




How to Cite

Hamash, M., & Mohamed, H. (2021). BASAER Team: The First Arabic Robot Team for Building the Capacities of Visually Impaired Students to Build and Program Robots. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 16(24), pp. 91–107.