Hybrid Authentication Combining Student Behavior and Knowledge for E-Evaluation Transparency and Equity Over E-Learning Platform





E-learning platform, E-evaluation, Hybrid authentication, Student behavior, Student knowledge, Mathematic model, Simulation


COVID-19 has forced academic organizations to migrate rapidly to distance education or online (electronic) learning (e-learning) owing to its benefits, mainly offering innovative teaching and transparent evaluation. However, e-learning stakeholders, faculties, staff, and students have evoked evaluation security concerns regarding authenticating takers during the electronic evaluation (e-evaluation) comprising electronic assessment (e-assess) and examination (e-exam). This paper presents a hybrid scheme that resolves this challenge using a dynamic authentication method for supervising e-evaluation. This approach builds an active student profile employing students' information and behavior gathered during the courses' activities and uses them for managing unethical conduct during e-evaluation. The proposed scheme ensures continuous authentication using active questions made using operational students' profiles without a need for added components and extra cost. The student answers to the set of random queries developed dynamically, in terms of time and information, to ensure real-time authentication with e-evaluation transparency and equity. A mathematic model is developed and employed utilizing students' and courses' contents to enable a dynamic authentication algorithm throughout e-evaluation. The obtained results of the simulation work show that the authentication requirements are guaranteed at a low cost regardless of student number, e-evaluation content, anytime, and anywhere.

Author Biography

Yassine Ramadhane KHLIFI, Umm Al-Qura, University, Makkah, KSA. Carthage University, Tunisia.

Yassine Khlifi received M.S. degrees and Ph.D. in information and communications technologies from High school of communication (Sup’Com) of Tunisia in 2002 and 2007 respectively. He is Assistant professor in Telecommunications at Carthage University, Tunisia, where he is a researcher at the Digital Security (DS) Laboratory. He is currently Assistant professor at Umm Al-Qura University, KSA, where he is currently an academic consultant and research & development director at IT deanship. He has authored / co-authored of several conferences and journals papers as well as a chapter in computer networks handbook. His active area of research is in optical networks, focusing on the design and analysis of optical label/packet/burst switched network architectures, optical protocols especially signaling, switching, routing, grooming and QoS provision as well as networks protection and security.




How to Cite

KHLIFI, Y. R. (2022). Hybrid Authentication Combining Student Behavior and Knowledge for E-Evaluation Transparency and Equity Over E-Learning Platform. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 17(21), pp. 17–37. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v17i21.32825