A case study for measuring Informal Learning in PLEs

Francisco J. García-Peñalvo, Miguel Conde González, Marc Alier, Ricardo Colomo-Palacios


The technological support for learning and teaching processes is constantly changing. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) applied to education, cause changes that affect the way in which people learn. This application introduces new software systems and solutions to carry out teaching and learning activities. Connected to ICT application, the emergence of Web 2.0 and its use in learning contexts enables an online implementation of the student-centred learning paradigm. In addition, 2.0 trends provide “new” ways to exchange, making easier for informal learning to become patent.
Given this context, open and user-centered learning environments are needed to integrate such kinds of tools and trends and are commonly described as Personal Learning Environments. Such environments coexist with the institutional learning management systems and they should interact and exchange information between them. This interaction would allow the assessment of what happens in the personal environment from the institutional side.
This article describes a solution to make the interoperability possible between these systems. It is based on a set of interoperability scenarios and some components and communication channels. In order to test the solution it is implemented as a proof of concept and the scenarios are validated through several pilot experiences. In this article one of such scenarios and its evaluation experiment is described to conclude that functionalities from the institutional environments and the personal ones can be combined and it is possible to assess what happens in the activities based on them.


Interoperability specifications; Learning Management Systems; Personal Learning Environments; Personalization

Full Text:


Copyright (c) 2017 Francisco J. García-Peñalvo, Miguel Conde González, Marc Alier, Ricardo Colomo-Palacios

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
Creative Commons License
Scopus logo Clarivate Analyatics ESCI logo EI Compendex logo IET Inspec logo DOAJ logo DBLP logo Learntechlib logo EBSCO logo Ulrich's logo Google Scholar logo MAS logo