An Optimized Bagging Ensemble Learning Approach Using BESTrees for Predicting Students’ Performance
Keywords:machine learning, Weka, ensemble, student prediction, bagging, optimization techniques, hyperparameters, BESTrees, decision tree
Every academic institution's goal is to identify students who require additional assistance and take appropriate actions to improve their performance. As such, various research studies have focused on developing prediction models that can detect correlated patterns influencing students' performance, dropout, collaboration, and engagement. Among the influential predictive models available, the bagging ensemble has captured the interest of researchers seeking to improve prediction accuracy over single classifiers. However, prior work in this area has focused mainly on selecting single classifiers as the base classifier of the bagging ensemble, with little to no further optimization of the proposed framework. This study aims to fill this gap by providing a bagging ensemble framework to optimize its hyperparameters and achieve improved prediction accuracy. The proposed model used the Weka BESTrees data mining tool and Math language course student dataset from UCI Machine Learning Repository. Based on the experiments performed, the proposed bagging optimization technique can effectively increase the accuracy of a traditional bagging ensemble method. It reveals further that the proposed BESTrees framework can achieve an optimized performance when trained with the appropriate hyperparameters and hill climb metrics.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Edmund De Leon Evangelista
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The submitting author warrants that the submission is original and that she/he is the author of the submission together with the named co-authors; to the extend the submission incorporates text passages, figures, data or other material from the work of others, the submitting author has obtained any necessary permission.
Articles in this journal are published under the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC-BY What does this mean?). This is to get more legal certainty about what readers can do with published articles, and thus a wider dissemination and archiving, which in turn makes publishing with this journal more valuable for you, the authors.
By submitting an article the author grants to this journal the non-exclusive right to publish it. The author retains the copyright and the publishing rights for his article without any restrictions.
This journal has been awarded the SPARC Europe Seal for Open Access Journals (What's this?)